From "CO2 Could Revitalize the Marseille-Fos Region"
by Agathe Remoué and Ana Lutzky of L'Usine Nouvelle
In the Greater Marseille Metropolitan Area, in fact, there exist numerous activities that emit CO2: including power plants, refineries, cement plants, iron and steel works, etc... In order to ensure that this region will to continue to develop economically, it will be crucial for the Port Authority to develop a service offering to address these emissions. The Port Authority has federated the industrial actors in the region around BRGM (the French Geological Survey), IFPEN, Ifremer, and Geogreen. A feasibility study the VASCO project – investigating the valorization and storage of CO2 - is already underway. This first step has united the industrial area to assess their potential CO2 emissions in the year 2020. The verdict: twenty million tons.
‘The project will explore the geology, which is fairly complex structurally and largely uncharacterized, in order to identify potential storage locations,’ explained Michel Peronnet. ‘But it is the possible reuse of CO2 emissions that makes the [VASCO] approach unique.’
Any emissions recovered could be used for industrial purposes, for example by Air Liquide which operates in the area. The fact that the port is so close means that shipping the liquefied CO2 by ship can be considered as well, so that it can be used or stored elsewhere. Another valorization possibility is to use CO2 to accelerate the growth of algae such as would be used for aqua/agricultural purposes or biofuel production. ‘A total of 5 to 10 percent of CO2 generated [in the region] could be reused,’ estimated Gilles Munier.”