Veolia Environnement began in 2005 a research program on the capture, transportation and storage of CO2 with the aim of improving knowledge and developing solutions to suit the differing sizes and types of its clients' facilities. Potential sites in Europe were identified as part of preliminary studies to select suitable places to install Veolia Environnement pilot units for CO2 capture, transportation and storage.
The research program has now entered a new stage, choosing industrial sites in the Paris area where Veolia Environmental Services operates non-hazardous waste-to-energy plants and landfill sites. The choice will enable the start of the operational with preliminary geological studies in partnership with Geogreen, a joint venture between IFP, BRGM and Géostock.
The studies will start with the Claye Souilly site, which offers favorable geographical characteristics for this kind of operation. Environmentally friendly solutions are already implemented at the site, including transforming captured biogas into electricity and transporting part of the waste by river.
The industrial pilot unit for integrated CO2 capture and storage will handle an annual amount of 200,000 metric tons of CO2 (the equivalent of the annual transport-related emissions generated by the transportation of 50,000 people équivalent). The CO2 will be produced by the existing biogas-to-energy units and will be injected under supervision into a saline aquifer, located at a depth of more than 1,500 meters, for a period of several years."